This time we bring you the collection of ancient architects and Yeah! The oldest and famous caves in India.
Since the caving is gradually becoming the popular activity, the time is now to explore some of the natural or man-made or both kind of caves from every nook and corner of the country.
The best part is that you don’t need to be a history geek in order to find interest in these caves. I’m sure you’ll find one or two other reasons to visit these and will come back home with an impressive Facebook check-in.
Famous & Oldest Caves in India
Read the following compilation of top 10 must visit caves in India and head to them one by one.
#1. Elephanta Island Caves, Maharashtra
Situated on the Elephanta Island at a distance of just 7 kilometers from Mumbai, the Elephanta Caves can only be reached by ferry.
Also known as Gharapuri caves, the hand-carved out of a single rock sculpted caves are the popular tourist hub in India and can be the ideal destination for an avid of the ancient architect.
There are total 7 skillfully sculpted caves which are said to be dated back to the 6th and 7th centuries A.D., out of which five are Hindu caves dedicated to Lord Shiva.
And one among all, Cave No. 1 grabs the major attention from the visitors as it depicts the Shiva in three forms – the Aghora, Tatpurusha and Vamadeva.
#2. Ajanta & Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
Featuring numerous sculptures, amazing paintings and tempting architecture, Ajanta and Ellora caves are the true pride of the nation which also made their way to the UNESCO world heritage sites in 1983.
These rock-cut sculpted caves are situated on the Sahyadri mountain range and a must visit destination for the history and culture admirers.
The Ajanta consists a group of 29 caves, all dedicated to Buddhist, making it count among Buddhist caves in India. It belongs to the 2nd century BC and the 6th century A.D. Located near Jalgaon in Maharashtra, these caves are considered among the most ancient caves in India.
Located at a distance of approximately 29 kilometers, the Ellora boasts of 34 caves built in the 6th and 11th century A.D. These caves are a mixture of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain culture.
While the Ajanta caves are enriched with beautiful paintings and stone carved arts, you can explore the exquisite architecture at Ellora Caves.
These are one of the ancient Buddhist caves in India!
Also Read: Things to Do in Lonavala
#3. Borra Caves, Andhra Pradesh
Borra caves or Borra Guhalu (in Telugu) are among the largest natural caves in India and said to be formed by the accumulation of limestone.
Situated at a distance of about 90 kilometers from Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, these caves are unrolled over an area of one square km and considered one of the deepest caves in the world.
Since the Borra caves are located in Araku Valley, it offers a magnificent view of scenic beauty. The inside view of caves is equally stunning with different colours and lighting.
#4. Amarnath Cave, Jammu & Kashmir
Located at a breathtaking altitude of 3,888 meters, Amarnath cave is a prominent pilgrimage as well as a major tourist attraction in India.
Dedicated to lord Shiva, the cave is spread over one km square and has a natural ice stalagmite Shiva lingam.
According to Hindu mythology, this is the exact place where Lord Shiva described the secret of life and eternity to his wife, Goddess Parvati. July and August are the absolute times to visit this cave.
#5. Badami Caves, Karnataka
The magnificent Badami caves are the great examples of the architectural love of Chalukyas Dynasty.
The presence of many beautiful cave temples makes it a must visit destination in Karnataka. There are total four cave temples and every temple opens daily for a specific time period only.
#6. Udayagiri Caves and Khandagiri Caves, Orissa
Udayagiri (the Sunrise hill) Caves and Khandagiri (the Broken hill) Caves are partially natural and partly man-made caves located near Bhubaneswar in Orissa.
These caves have high religious importance as well as archaeological significance. There are total 18 and 15 caves respectively, which are said to be the formed for the residence of Jain monks.
#7. Tabo Caves, Himachal Pradesh
Situated in the Spiti Valley, the Tabo caves were considered as the ideal destination for the meditation in ancient time.
The rugged and rocky caves are located on the rising hills and are believed to be served for the meditation purpose by Buddhist monks.
There are several big caves like assembly halls and several are small which might be used for keeping goods.
#8. Undavalli Caves, Andhra Pradesh
Undavalli Caves are the fine example of skillfully sculpted rock-cut architecture and heritage in India. Situated on the bank of Krishna River, the place is just 6 km away from Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh.
These caves were formed in the 4th and 5th century A.D. and best know for the massive one which has a giant statue of Lord Vishnu in a reclining position. This complete sculpture was carved out of a single block of granite.
#9. Mawsmai Caves, Meghalaya
The sole state in India that has numerous caves in almost every nook and corner of its land.
Out of which, the Mawsmai caves are the most attractive and adventurous caves, which is a perfect example of the natural architect. Located near Bangladesh border, these are the only caves in India which are fully lighted.
#10. Jogimara and Sita Bengra Caves, Chhattisgarh
The Jogimara and Sita Bengra Caves are situated in Surguja district in Chhattisgarh and considered the oldest theaters across the world.
According to the Hindu mythology, Lord Rama, Sita and Lakshman lived in these caves during their exile and hence, the place named Sita Bengra which means “Residence of Sita”.
Located in a beautiful natural setting, one can explore here many ancient paintings and inscriptions.
This was the list of caves in India and I hope you now feel like having a bunch of good options to complete within a month or two. Don’t forget to share the experience in the discussion section below.